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African American Historical Sights in Arlington and the Capital Region

African Americans have always played, and continue to play, a key role in the development and formation of Arlington County and are an integral part of our shared story. Explore these historic sights to learn about the Black experience in Arlington and across the capital region.

Arlington, Virginia

The Black Heritage Museum of Arlington

The Black Heritage Museum of Arlington, Virginia was established to preserve, catalog, and display items related to the Black history of Arlington County and the surrounding area. The museum was created in 1998 to illustrate the African American experience pre- and post-slavery in the United States. 

Visit: Check the museum's website for hours of operation.

Freedman’s Village

In June of 1863, on the grounds of the federally confiscated Custis Arlington estate (today's Arlington National Cemetery), the U.S. government established Freedman's Village as a temporary wartime refuge for emancipated and fugitive ("contraband") slaves. The settlement evolved into a unique and thriving community with hospitals, churches, schools, and social services. While intended to be temporary, the community remained on the land from 1863 until 1900.

Visit: Today, visitors can visit the Freedman’s Village historical markers at Arlington National Cemetery, as well as the Freedman’s Village Bridge near Arlington's Columbia Pike neighborhood.

Freedman's Village Historical Marker in Arlington, VA
Freedman's Village Historical Marker

Arlington National Cemetery

Created during the COVID-19 pandemic and expanding into an online/in-person visitor experience in the new year is Arlington National Cemetery’s new Education Program, which tells stories of the African American experience. Full lesson plans describe the nation’s history through the unique lens of the cemetery and some of the notable figures laid to rest there. One particularly notable figure, Charles Syphax, supervised the Arlington House dining room and was the unofficial leader of the Arlington enslaved community during the 1800s. His wife, Maria Carter Syphax, was given her freedom and a 17-acre plot of land in 1826. The influential Syphax family has held positions of leadership in the business and community life of Arlington County from 1802 until the present day.

Visit: The cemetery is currently open to the public. Currently, the best way to learn about African American heritage is through the cemetery’s online resources, lesson plans and walking tours, which may be used either during an in-person visit or for virtual exploration of this national treasure.

Explore Notable Tuskegee Airmen
Tuskegee Airmen Memorial and Plaque at Arlington National Cemetery

Green Valley

Green Valley was settled by free African Americans, Levi and Sarah Ann Jones, who built homes in 1844, nearly 20 years before the Civil War. They began selling lots to other free Black families, creating a tightly knit neighborhood. Green Valley expanded into a thriving business community, from the Friendly Beauty School to the first Black-owned pharmacy in Arlington. Sights of note include the Lomax African Methodist Episcopal Zion ChurchGreen Valley Pharmacy, and parks including Fort Barnard Heights ParkFort Barnard Park, Jennie Dean Park and Nauck Park.

Visit: Named for civic activist John Robinson, Jr. Robinson (often called the “Mayor of Green Valley”) who fought for decades against racial injustice and inequality in Northern Virginia, the John Robinson, Jr. Town Square is in the heart of Green Valley. Designed by notable landscape architect and artist Walter Hood, the space features his art piece titled FREED, an outdoor stage, tables and seating, checkered game tables, casual-use space and more. This vibrant site serves as a community gathering place to connect with neighbors and enjoy events on the stage and learn about the neighborhood's rich heritage.

John M. Langston Mural

The mural, which can be seen from the newly renamed Langston Boulevard, pays tribute to the man who was Virginia’s first Black congressional representative, served as the first dean of Howard University’s law school and the first president of Virginia State University.

The artist, D.C. native Kaliq Crosby, incorporated the places and moments in Arlington's history of racism and racial progress into the mural. Included are depictions of Freedman's Village, the segregation of the Hall's Hill neighborhood and the integration of public schools.

Visit: The mural adorns a wall on the side of swimming store Sport Fair (5010 Langston Blvd), which was chosen for its location in the historically Black neighborhood of Hall’s Hill, as well as its visibility from the road.

Charles Drew House

The modern-day blood bank resulted from the groundbreaking research of a young African American physician and Arlington resident, Dr. Charles R. Drew. A historical marker commemorating his contributions to the medical field is located outside of his childhood home on 1st Street South in Arlington.

Visit: Since the home became a national historical landmark, visitors can stop by 1st Street South to view the house from the outside and read the historical marker.

Benjamin Banneker Boundary Stone

This boundary stone is one of the markers along the original perimeter of Washington, D.C. Benjamin Banneker was a humanitarian, mathematician, inventor, surveyor and astronomer, in addition to many other areas of expertise. The east side of the stone is engraved with "Virginia," and the north side is engraved with "1791," the year Banneker surveyed the city.

Visit: The boundary marker is located in Benjamin Banneker Park, surrounded by an iron fence. The newly renovated grassy park features a soothing stream, picnic areas, and access to trails such as Four Mile Run. Check the park’s website for current hours of operation.

Hall's Hill Wall

In the historic Hall's Hill neighborhood, you can visit the Segregation Wall, which once separated Black and white neighborhoods.

Visit: Though guided walking tours are often available, visitors can follow a self-guided tour which takes them to six sites in Hall's Hill including the Segregation Wall.

Washington, D.C.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial

The Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial in Washington, D.C., honors Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s legacy and America's Civil Rights Movement. The memorial itself covers four acres and includes the Stone of Hope, a granite statue of the Civil Rights Movement leader carved by sculptor Lei Yixin.

Visit: Located in West Potomac Park off of Independence Avenue near the western side of the Tidal Basin, the memorial is best reached from Arlington via the region's Metrorail system (Orange/Blue/Silver Lines) at the Smithsonian station.

Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture

The striking Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture (NMAAHC) is designed to tell the complex story of perseverance and achievement of African Americans. The 400,000 square-foot museum features intricate three-tiered bronze-colored panels on the outside and 12 exhibits inside organized by history, culture, and community. The exhibitions were created to transform a visitor’s understanding of American history and culture.

Visit: NMAAHC is open from Wednesday through Sunday from 10:00am to 5:30pm (Closed Mondays and Tuesdays). Free timed-entry passes are required.

U Street Neighborhood

Washington D.C.’s U Street neighborhood is a hub of African American culture, dining, and nightlife. The iconic neighborhood is the birthplace of jazz legend, Duke Ellington and home to the Lincoln Theater, where he regularly performed. Visit U Street for flavorful restaurants, late-night dancing, must-see murals, and a unique, community-led drum circle.

Visit: U Street can be reached easily by car, or by Metro at the U St/African-Amer Civil War Memorial/Cardozo station on the Green and Yellow Lines.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Library

After a three-and-a-half-year renovation, the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Library re-opened in November 2020. The library features iconic artwork, including the Martin Luther King, Jr. Mural, and the grand reading-room ceiling designed by Xenobia Bailey.

Visit: The library is currently open seven days a week.

Alexandria, Virginia

Loving vs. Virginia Kiosk

The landmark case of Loving v. Virginia was handled by the Alexandrian law office of Bernard Cohen and Philip Hirschkop. Mildred and Richard Loving had sued the Commonwealth of Virginia for its ban on interracial marriage, resulting in the Supreme Court unanimously removing the ban nationwide.

Visit: A historical installation commemorating the historic decision is located near the old office on the corner of King and North Pitt Street.

Edmonson Sisters Statues

The Edmonson sisters, Mary and Emily, attempted to escape slavery near Washington, D.C. at the ages of 13 and 15. After being captured and sent to the South, their father purchased their freedom and they returned to Alexandria.

Visit: A beautiful statue of the Edmonson sisters pays tribute to their courage at the corner of Duke Street and Reinekers Lane.

African American Heritage Park

The beautifully designed African American Heritage park features memorial sculptures by Washington, D.C. – based sculptor Jerome Meadows. The main sculpture is a collection of bronze trees called “Truths That Rise from the Roots Remembered.” The park pays tribute to the contributions African Americans have made to Alexandria throughout history.

Visit: The park is open from dawn until dusk and is located just south of Duke Street. Visitors can also tour the park virtually here.